Paid Time Off (PTO)
In Bosnia & Herzegovina, employees who are going to work for the first time or who have not worked for more than 15 months, become entitled to leave after working for six months.
Employees receive a minimum of 20 days of paid leave annually, and a maximum of 30 days. Employees under 18 and employees who work in hazardous occupations are entitled to additional leave.
There are 18 public holidays.
Employees receive 100% of their salary compensation if the absence is due to work injury, pregnancy, or organ transplant. The first 42 days of compensation are paid by the employer. After the first 42 days, sick pay is refunded by the state.
In FBiH sick pay is a minimum of 80% of the employee’s salary compensation and no less than the minimum monthly salary. RS sick pay is a minimum of 70% of the employee’s salary compensation. The first 30 days are paid by the employer and after that it is paid by the state.
Leave is mandatory 28 days before birth and must be taken for a minimum period of 42 days after birth. Maternity leave is paid at full salary for the duration of the employee’s leave.
When a specialist decides that the child needs more than normal treatment, a breastfeeding mother is entitled to two absences per day to nurse her child until the child is one year old, and parents of children aged one to three years old are entitled to serve part-time, at half pay.
Disabled children's parents have special protections. Normally, an employee who is pregnant and on maternity leave cannot be fired.
The Father can participate or use the mother's unused maternity leave if the parents consent. One adult has the freedom to exercise any of these rights in situations of adoption or foster parenting.