Paid Time Off (PTO)
Paid time off increases with seniority:
14 days for those with 1-5 years’ service.
20 days for those with 6-14 years’ service.
26 days for those with 15+ years’ service.
Employees over 50 automatically get 20 days. Those who work underground get an additional 4 days to their level of service.
The employer must pay the annual leave entitlement as a lump sum or as an advance payment before the beginning of the leave.
There are 14 public holidays per year.
There is no mandatory obligation for the employer to pay the employee salary during sick leave. After 3 days of sick leave, the Social Security will pay the employee. In practice, many employers pay regular salary for the first 2 days (which are not covered by the SS) or even for the entire period of sick leave (and get partial refund when paid by SS). After 6 weeks of sick leave, the employer is entitled to terminate the employee’s employment.
Working mothers are entitled to up to 16 weeks of maternity leave at full pay. Up to 8 weeks out of this leave may be used prior to their child’s birth. At least 3 weeks must be taken before the due date. In the case of premature or multiple births, the total maternity leave will be 18 weeks. Payment during maternity leave comes from social security according to the regular contributions of the employee.
The father is entitled to 5 days of paternity leave.
During paternity leave the employee receives regular salary, paid by the employer.