How to hire remote employees in


Thinking about making a remote hire in Turkmenistan? You’re in the right place. On this page, we’ll teach you how to hire in Turkmenistan—without spending thousands of dollars on EOR fees and legal red tape:

Country snapshot

Turkmenistani manat

What to know before you hire in 


Laws about hiring are complicated, and the same is true in Turkmenistan. But there are ways to sidestep the headaches—if your company hasn’t already established a physical presence in Turkmenistan, you have two real options when it comes to hiring. We’ll detail both below.

If you want to successfully hire in 


, you have two options:

Hire talent as contractors

Laws about hiring contractors are significantly more simple in 


. Onboarding talent takes days, not weeks or months. Both you, the company, and your talent have more flexibility. And in many cases, since you’re remote, the talent you’re hiring is better classified as a contractor, anyway. Of course, it’s not possible in every case, but it’s what we built Panther for.

Hire talent as employees

This is the long route. You can either establish a physical presence with an entity and register as an employer, or you can use an Employer-of-Record (EOR) solution. Odds are, you’ll find using an EOR to be the easier route. Still, using an EOR in 


 is expensive—it can often be $500 per month per employee—and sometimes prone to lengthy onboarding times.

Why hire independent contractors in 


Hiring contractors is normally the easier, faster, more flexible choice—but don’t just take it from us. Below are the specific benefits and drawbacks to hiring contractors in 



It’s the fastest way to hire globally

Hiring employees takes months, at the minimum. When you hire with Panther’s locally-generated contracts, it’s a matter of days or weeks. This means you can hire the best talent, fast, without losing them to a hellish procession of paperwork.

It’s a lot cheaper

It costs just $0 to sign up for Panther, then $49 per month to hire your contractors with Panther. If you hired employees manually (or did contracting on your own), you’d likely be on the hook for thousands of dollars each month. Setting up an entity alone can cost tens of thousands of dollars.

It’s more flexible for you & your team

Hiring contractors in 


 means you’re generally not on the hook for things like health insurance and paid time off. This makes hiring flexible for you, and it gives your talent more options.

Can be less risky than hiring employees

Hiring employees is a bigger commitment, and can open you up to increased liabilities and regulations. When you hire contractors overseas, your biggest risk is misclassification—but laws surrounding contractor classification are often significantly more straightforward.

Some people want to be employees

The contractor life isn’t for everyone—some people want the security that being an employee often appears to provide. Though it’s rare, this does happen, and it’s one disadvantage of manage an all-contractor team.

You might not have as much control over your talent

Most countries’ contractor-employer relationship laws stipulate that the employer can’t set fixed working hours, among other things. These laws give contractors more freedom over how and when they do their work than an employee would have. In reality, however, most contractors are willing & able to work on the company’s schedule—it’s a matter of setting expectations beforehand.

How can I pay people in 



If you’re hiring contractors in 


, you can pay them with Panther in a single click. You won’t need to worry about complicated wire transfers, fees, or currency conversions. We’ll take care of it all. Just make a click and your contractor will get paid in their currency of choice. This is a valuable bonus for talent in countries where the local currency is particularly weak—most people appreciate the ability to receive their payment in stronger currencies.

Hiring and paying your team in 


Hire and pay with Panther

Pay everyone with a single click
Get great currency conversion rates
Pay $0 in platform fees
Run payroll in seconds
Let Panther automatically create & store invoices
Let Panther automatically write locally-compliant contracts
Let Panther automatically file local tax documents

Hire and pay without Panther

Pay all your contractors individually
Do all currency conversions yourself
Shoulder the burden of platform fees
Spend hours each month making payments
Manually track & store invoices
Manually write & sign contracts
Manually file relevant tax documents

Let Panther save you from hiring headaches.

Sign up today for $0

If you want to hire employees in 


If you’ve read up until this point, you’ll know that it’s easier, cheaper, and more flexible to hire contractors in Turkmenistan than employees. Still, there are valid reasons why you might want to hire employees instead. The content below is for you—we’ll cover employer taxes and obligations in Turkmenistan.

Taxes in 


Employer tax

Pension Insurance

Individual tax


Paid Time Off (PTO)

PTO is calculated by the:

  • The right to receive annual basic leave during the first year of work comes after eleven months of continuous work from the date of the conclusion of the employment contract.
  • Annual basic leave for the second and subsequent years of work is provided in accordance with the vacation schedule established at the organization.

An employee has the right to postpone or extend the annual basic leave if:

  • temporary incapacity for work;
  • granting maternity leave;
  • the coincidence of the annual basic leave with leave in connection with studies, additional leave for marriage or the ceremony of burial and commemoration;
  • fulfillment of state duties or duties in an elected body.

Public Holidays

There are 9 public paid holidays in Turkmenistan:

  • New Year (31st December - 1st Jan)
  • International Women’s Day (8th March)
  • Navruz (21-22 March)
  • Oraza Bayram (13th May)
  • Constitution and State Flag Day (18th May)
  • Kurban Bayram (20-22 July) Independence Day (27 September)
  • Memorial Day (6th October)
  • International Day of Neutrality (12th December)

Sick Days

There is no specific statutory right to sick leave in most cases.

However, employees are entitled to unpaid leave to care for a sick family member, with the length of the leave based on the recommendations of the medical institution that is caring for the relative.

Maternity Leave

Female employees under Article 68 of the Social Security Code receive 112 days of fully paid maternity leave with 56 days before the estimated date of birth and 56 days after giving birth.

The paid maternity leave is extended by 16 days if there are birth complications, and by 40 days in the event of multiple births.

Paternity Leave

There is no statutory paternity leave beyond the option for the father to take parental leave, except for in a few circumstances where the mother is not present in the child’s life.

Parental Leave

A woman, regardless of the length of service, after the expiration of maternity leave, has the right to unpaid parental leave until the child reaches the age of three years.

Leave to care for a child may also be granted to the person actually caring for the child, including the father, guardian of the child, as well as, in cases established by the legislation of Turkmenistan, to another relative.

Parental leave can be used in whole or in parts. A person who is on parental leave until the child reaches the age of three has the right to interrupt the vacation and start work before the expiration of the parental leave, notifying the employer about this two weeks before going to work. In this case, the annual basic leave is provided for the actual time worked.

Other Leave

In Turkmenistan an additional leave for  upon reaching the Age of 62 –  3 calendar day is provided to citizens upon reaching the age of 62 years, or such leave can also be added to the main annual leave.

A person injured as a result of a radiation catastrophe shall be granted additional leave of up to fifteen calendar days.

Marriage Leave

10 calendar days, given 5 days before marriage.

Bereavement Leave

An additional leave of 10 calendar days to complete the funeral rite and commemoration on the basis of a certificate issued by the state civil registry office are provided to two close relatives of the deceased.


Termination Process

Employers can terminate an employment contract for economic or business reasons which render the employee redundant or based on the employee’s conduct or performance.

The employer is obligated to notify the employee in writing. 

Special rules and procedures apply to redundancy dismissals and employee misconduct.

Notice Period

The notice period is either two weeks or two months depending on the reason for the termination.

Only three days of notice is required during the probation period.

Severance Pay

Severance pay must be paid in most situations when the employer terminates an employment contract for a reason other than the employee’s misconduct.

Probation Period

Probation period does not exceed 3 months.

Once the employment contract ends, the probationary period does not apply to people belonging to the below-mentioned categories:

  1. Persons below the age of 18 years
  2. Persons with disabilities
  3. Seasonal workers
  4. Pregnant employees
  5. Persons who have graduated from secondary vocational and higher education institutions and are coming to work in their specialty for the first time.
  6. Persons working in public paid jobs.

Employee requirements in 


Working Hours

The standard work duration for a full-time employee does not exceed 40 hours per week.

For teenagers (aged between 16 and 18 years), the work hours cannot exceed 36 hours per week and 24 hours a week for persons below sixteen years of age. Typically, office timings in Turkmenistan are from 9 am to 6 pm.


Overtime work must not exceed 4 hours for each employee on 2 consecutive days and 120 hours per year.

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