Paid Time Off (PTO)
PTO is calculated by :
Employers must give a minimum of 28 days paid leave per year. The Public holidays can be incorporated as part of the 28-day leave entitlement; however, it is common practice for employers to give more than 28 days.
If employees were unable to take all of their entitled holiday leave for reasons related to Covid-19, they are allowed to carry it over to the next two years.
There are 8 public holidays in England, Wales and Scotland, and 10 in Northern Ireland.
Sick leave pay varies based on the :
Workers currently employed can receive £95.85 per week Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) for up to 28 weeks if they are too ill to work. For an employee to qualify they must be sick for four or more days in a row.
Employees must receive the statutory minimum but may be entitled to more depending on the company’s sick pay scheme.
Employees must give their employer a doctor’s note if they have taken sick leave for more than 7 days in a row. This includes non-working days, such as weekends and bank holidays.
Statutory maternity leave is 52 weeks and is comprised of:
Ordinary Maternity Leave – first 26 weeks
Additional Maternity Leave – last 26 weeks
Mothers are required to take off at least 2 weeks’ leave after the baby is born (or 4 weeks for factory workers) out of the entitled 52 weeks.
Unless the child is born early, the earliest that leave can be taken is 11 weeks before the expected week of childbirth.
Statutory Maternity Pay (SMP) is paid by the employer for up to 39 weeks with the employee receiving:
90% of their average weekly earnings (before tax) for the first 6 weeks £148.68 or 90% of their average weekly earnings (whichever is lower) for the next 33 weeks
Employees can choose to take either 1 week or 2 consecutive weeks’ leave. The allotted time off is the same regardless of the number of children (for example twins). Leave can’t start before the birth.
The statutory weekly rate of Paternity Pay is £148.68, or 90% of the average weekly earnings (whichever is lower).
Any money paid is done so in the same way as wages are paid, for example monthly or weekly. Tax and National Insurance will be deducted.